当生产管道中输送易凝易堵的介质时应设置吹洗阀

当生产管道中输送易凝易堵的介质时应设置吹洗阀
2021年01月06日07:45:40 0 416

生产管道输送易凝结、堵塞的介质时,应设置吹扫阀

吹扫管线设置

生产管道输送易凝结堵塞的介质时,应设置吹扫阀,吹扫阀应尽量靠近吹扫管。

6.3.2.5双阀设置

在生产中,如果管道泄漏可能引起爆炸、火灾或严重质量事故,介质管道上应设置双阀,两阀之间的管道上应设置放空阀。

6.3.3辅助管道安装要求

辅助系统管道主要包括蒸汽、给排水、压缩空气等。

6.3.3.1蒸汽系统

蒸汽管道一般从机组外部通过外管引入,经减压(或不减压)测量后分配至设备。

蒸汽管道的补偿方式和固定点应根据热伸长和具体位置选择。应首先考虑自然补偿,然后再考虑各种类型的伸缩缝。

在管道上水平安装方形膨胀装置时,膨胀装置两侧的管道应保持水平,管道两侧连接管段的倾斜度和坡度应与管道一致。

支管与主管连接时,应选择主管上热伸长位移小的地方(如靠近固定点),支管应从主管顶部或侧面引出。支管靠近主管的直管段不宜过长,或在靠近主管的直管段设置固定点,以防支管和主管的膨胀受到较大推力。

为便于管道排水,应在垂直管道上安装流量测量装置(如测量孔板)。

蒸汽管道应适当设置泄放点,管道的死端也应设置泄放点。疏水管一般应设疏水阀,疏水阀的型式应根据工艺系统专业提供的条件选择。


When the medium which is easy to coagulate and block is transported in the production pipeline, the purge valve should be set

Setting of purging pipeline

When the medium easy to coagulate and block is transported in the production pipeline, the purge valve should be set, and the purge valve should be close to the purge pipe as far as possible.

6.3.2.5 double valve setting

In production, if explosion, fire or serious quality accident may be caused by pipeline leakage, double valves shall be set on the medium pipeline, and vent valve shall be set on the pipeline between the two valves.

6.3.3 installation requirements of auxiliary pipeline

The pipeline of auxiliary system mainly includes steam, water supply and drainage, compressed air, etc.

6.3.3.1 steam system

Generally, the steam pipe is introduced from the outside of the unit through the outer pipe, and then distributed to the equipment after decompression (or non decompression) measurement.

The compensation type and fixed point of steam pipeline should be selected according to the thermal elongation and specific location. Natural compensation should be considered first, and then various types of expansion joints should be considered.

When installing the square expansion device in horizontal position on the pipe, the pipes on both sides of the expansion device shall be kept horizontal, and the inclination and gradient of the connecting pipe section of the two sides of the pipe shall be consistent with that of the pipe.

When connecting the branch pipe from the main pipe, the place with small thermal elongation displacement on the main pipe (such as near the fixed point) should be selected, and the branch pipe should be led out from the top or side of the main pipe. The straight pipe section of the branch pipe close to the main pipe should not be too long, or the fixed point should be set at the straight pipe section close to the main pipe, so as to prevent the expansion of the branch pipe and the main pipe from receiving a large thrust.

In order to facilitate the drainage of the pipeline, the flow measuring device (such as measuring orifice) should be installed on the vertical pipeline.

The steam pipe should be equipped with drain points properly, and the dead end of the pipe should also be equipped with drain points. Generally, the drain pipe should be equipped with a steam trap, and the type of the steam trap should be selected according to the conditions provided by the process system specialty.


当生产管道中输送易凝易堵的介质时应设置吹洗阀

 

 吹洗管道的设置

当生产管道中输送易凝、易堵的介质时,应设置吹洗阀,吹洗阀应尽量靠近吹洗管。

6.3.2.5  双阀的设置

在生产中,如果因管道泄漏可能引起爆炸、着火或严重质量事故时,则在该介质的管道上设置双阀,并在两阀间的管道上设放空阀。

6.3.3  辅助管道安装要求

辅助系统的管道主要包括蒸汽,上下水、压缩空气等。

6.3.3.1  蒸汽系统

蒸汽管道一般都是从装置外部经外管架空引进,经减压(或不减压)计量后分送至各使用设备。

蒸汽管道应根据热伸长量和具体位置选择好补偿型式和固定点,首先考虑自然补偿,然后才考虑各种类型的伸缩器。

在管道上安装水平位置的方形伸缩器时,伸缩器的两边管应保持水平,两边管的连接管段与管道的倾斜和坡度应一致。

从总管接出支管时,应选择在总管上热伸长的位移量小的地方(如固定点附近),且支管应从总管的上面或侧面引出,靠近总管的支管直管段不要太长,或者在此直管段靠近总管处设置固定点,以防止支管膨胀而使主管受到很大的推力。

为便于管道疏水,宜将流量测量装置(如测量孔板)装于垂直管道上。

蒸汽管道要适当设置疏水点,管道死端也要设疏水点。疏水管一般应设置疏水器,疏水器型式应根据工艺系统专业提供的条件来选择。

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