【优质卷】2023年广州市二模(4.18)可下载

2023年广州市普通高中毕业班综合测试(二)

英语

本试卷共10页,满分120分。考试用时120分钟。

注意事项:

1.答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、考生号、试室号和座位号填写在答题卡上。用2B 铅笔将试卷类型(B)填涂在答题卡相应位置上。并在答题卡相应位置上填涂考生号。因

笔试不考听力,试卷从第二部分开始,试题序号从“21”开始。

2.作答选择题时,选出每小题答案后,用2B 铅笔把答题卡对应题目选项的答案信息点涂黑;如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案。答案不能答在试卷上。

3.非选择题必须用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域

内相应位置上;如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新答案:不准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答无效。

4.考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。考试结束后,将试卷和答题卡一并交回。

第二部分阅读(共两节,满分50分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题2.5分,满分37.5分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出最佳选项。

A

It goes without saying that sitting at a desk for a majority of the day will hurt our health. But don't worry because there is a solution! After spending much time investigating the different offers when it comes to exercisc equipment suitable for the office, I'd like to reveal some of my top recommendations.

☆Stability Cushion

These cushions are excellent to relieve back pain and shoulder aches, stabilize joints and strengthen muscles.

Pros & Cons

Small and lightweight

.Works well for lower back and posture · Inflating(充气)isn't easy for some

☆Under-desk Elliptical

Keeping your feet in motion while seated can go a long way to keep you happier,reduce

stress, and increase your productivity

Pros & Cons

Easy to carry like a briefcase

Whisper quiet and easy to use

·The rubber around the metal bar can wear out over time

☆Fitness Tracker

What gets measured gets managed, and one great way to keep track of your fitness data is a fitness tracker. A fitness tracker records your energy levels, steps,distance, hourly activity and more

Pros & Cons

·Very comfortable to wear

·Lots of apps can be operated together

·Various customized options

·Sometimes there are connectivity issues

☆Balance Ball Chair

Sitting on a balance ball leads to increased energy and productivity.In that way, it's perfect for completing tasks at home or in the office. This chair promotes micro-movements, core strength. and stimulation

Pros & Cons

·Straightforward to build

·A great solution if you experiencc back pain

·Needs to be reinflated often

21.Whoaretheintendedreadersofthetext?

A.Fitness trainers.

B. Recovering patients.

C.Office workers.

D.Furniture dcsigners.

22.Whichequipmentpromisestoimproveworkefficiency?

A.StabilityCushionandFitnessTracker.

B.StabilityCushionandBalanceBallChair.

C.Under-deskEllipticalandFitnessTracker.

D.Under-deskEllipticalandBalanceBallChair.

23.WhatmaybetheproblemofFitnessTracker?

A.It wears out casily over time.

B.It may fail to get linked at times.

C.It offers few personalized choices.

D. It doesn't allow the use of other apps.

24. What is the text?

A.A response to a recent study.

B.A.summary of a scientific study.

C.Anews report of a new invention.

D.A review on a medical experiment.

25.What does the writer mean by saying “this is quite a bold claim”in paragraph 1?

A.Thenewstudyisquiteabreakthrough.

B.Hispersonalexperiencesupportsthestudy.

C.Robotshavenotherapeuticbenefitstochildren.

D.Robotscannotreplacerealpetsatpresentstage.

26.Whichofthefollowingisafindingofthenewstudy?

A.Thekidspreferredrobotpetstorealdogs.

B.Robotskeptthekids'interestforalongertime.

C.Thekids'concentrationwaseffectivelyimproved.

D.Robotshadmoretrickstoimpresskidsthanrealdogs.

27.Whyistheauthoropentotheideaofusingrobotsintherapy?

A.Theycansharesomeoftherapypets'work.

B.Theycanguaranteethewelfareoftherapypets.

C.Theyprovideuswithjustasmuchloveasrealpets.

D.Theyarebetteratreleasingpatients'stressandtiredness.

C

The best ideas are often so smart,so simple and so clearly needed;it's strange to discover they don't already exist.So it is with Farm My School,a program that's turning underused land at secondary schools into commercially achievable,regenerative market gardens farmed by and for local communities.

Co-founded by permaculturist Ben Shaw and regenerative educator James McLennan, Farm My School connects local people and organizations through volunteering that helps establish a school's market garden.Students learn about community networks,healthy eating,ecological responsibility,waste reduction,and climate relief while helping with food production.Schools integrate all these into their courses while producing vegetable boxes every week that feed local families, supply the school's food needs and ultimately pay the farmer's salary.

Farm My School has gained the extraordinary enthusiasm of the locals,who answered an online shout-out to buy tickets to the program's launch event at Bell Secondary School last October.Called Build A Farm in a Day Festival, the event featured workshops by Ben and James to share the skills required to build what they say is the world's largest no-dig garden.“It was such a powerful event,and I think that comes down to people wanting to act now,"says James.“We charged for the experience and 600 guys turned up!They didn't even need free drinks to get excited.We were gardening till midnight.It was amazing.We've got true community buy-in.”

Volunteers have since begun beneficial planting throughout the school.Next steps include further discussions with local communities,employing a farmer,and bringing in a teacher to develop courses.“We've seen this huge push towards seeing schools as regenerative spaces,not just for planting but for kids to be more connected to the outside world,and really seeing the school in a whole new light,”James says.“For us,the big excitement is that by allowing a professional farmer to take the responsibility of growing food,it's not only on the school to look after that farm anymore,which eventually makes it much more sustainable,”adds Ben.

28.WhywasFarmMySchoolfounded?

A.Toraisetheincomeofthelocalpeople.

B.Toadvocateacommercialfarmingplan.

C.Toprovidefreefoodforlocalcommunities.

D.Toturn underusedcampuslandintomarketgardens.

29.Howdoschoolsinvolvestudentsintotheprogram?

A.Bydevelopingprogram-basedcourses.

B.Byorganizingvoluntaryworkincommunities.

C.Byofferingthempart-timejobsinthemarketgardens.

D.Byencouragingthemto producedailyvegetableboxes.

30.Whatdoestheunderlinedword"buy-in"meaninparagraph3?

A.Competition. B.Investment.   C.Support.  D.Protection.

31.WhatisthehighlightoftheprogramaccordingtoBen?

A.Itbringsinmoneytosupporttheschool.

B.Theschoolfarmwillbeabletolastlong.

C.Thelocalpeoplewilltakecareofthefarm.

D.Studentsconnectmorewiththeoutsideworld.

D

In 1977,Irene Pepperberg, a Harvard graduatc, dccided to investigate the thought processes of ancther creature by talking to it. To do this, she would teach a one-year-old African gray parrot(鹦鹉),Alex, to reproduce the sounds of the English language.

Pepperberg bought Alex in a pet store, where she let the store's assistant choose him because she didn't want other scientists to say that she bad intentionally chosen an cspecially smart bird. Given that Alex's brain was just the size of a walnut, most researchers thought Pcppcrberg'scommunication study would be futile.

But with Pepperberg's patient teaching, Alex learned how to follow almost 100 English words. He could count to six and had leamed the sound for seven and eight. But the point was not to see if Alex could learn words by heart. Pepperberg wanted to get inside his mind and learn more about abird's understanding of the world.

In one demonstration, Pepperberg held up a green key and a green cup for him to look at.“What's the same?” she asked.“Co-lor,"Alex responded without hesitation.“What's different?” Pepperberg asked.“Shape,”Alex quickly replied. His voice had the sound of a cartoon character. But the words — and what can only be called the thoughts — were entirely his. Many of Alex's skills, such as his ability to understand the concepts of“same”and“different”,are rare in the animal world.Living in acomplex society, parrots like Alex must keep track of changing relationships and environments.

During the demonstration, as if to offer final proof of the mind inside his bird's brain, Alex spoke up.“Talk clearly!”he commanded, when one of the younger birds Pepperberg was also teaching mispronounced the word“green” .

Alex knew all the answers himself and was getting bored.“He's moody,”said Pepperberg,“so he interrupts the others, or he gives the wrong answer just to be difficult.”Pepperberg was certainly learning more about the mind of a parrot, but like the parent of a troublesome teenager, she waslearning the hard way.

32.Why did Pepperberg let the shop assistant choose the bird?

A.A bird with a small brain was needed.

B.She wanted a very smart bird for her study.

C.A research subject should be randomly chosen.

D. The shop assistant was better at choosing birds.

33.What might most researchers think of Pepperberg's study at first?

A.Innovative. B.Practical. C.Costly.  D.Fruitless,

34. Which of the following aspects of Alex's ability did Pepperberg's study focus on?

A. Undcrstanding concepts.

B.Calculating.

C. Recognizing voices.

D. Creating English words.

35.What caused Pepperberg's struggle in her study?

A.Her instructions had to be easy for Alex.

B.Alex was sometimes too clever to control.

C.Alex would point out other birds'mistakes.

D.She had trouble understanding Alex's mood.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2.5分,满分12.5分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后的选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

What makes a work of architecture great? Most people would argue that aesthetics(美感) are the most important.. 36 However, Roman architect Marcus Vitruvius Pollio believed that we should also consider durability and function when assessing a structure. The Rostonville Library in my city is a great example of Vitruvius's principles.

Constructed entirely of granite — a hard and tough stone, the library is durable. It can withstand environmental pollution. For example, it is resistant to acid rain. Moreover, its granite structure is stable so it's more likely to survive an earthquake.37 It uses solar energy for heating and a rooftop garden for cooling.

38 Providing free access to print and digital information, it conveys a feeling of openness and accessibility. Furthermore, the entire library is on one level, and it has an open design — there are no inner walls or dividers. In addition, large windows let in plenty of natural light, so it's easy to see and get to each department within the library.

Finally, the library is beautiful, with aesthetically pleasing details both inside and out. The large windows are copper-framed(铜框的). The copper color provides an interesting contrast against the color of the granite structure and it will remain as the copper ages. Growth from the rooftop garden, which reaches down the sides of the building, adds to the aesthetics of the building.39

Durability, functionality and beauty make the Rostonville Library a great structure. Architects who follow Vitruvius's principles help to make the city more pleasant to live in. 40

A.The library is also sustainable.

B.It is true that beauty is critical.

C. This is not the only concern of the architects.

D. The library was designed with functionality in mind.

E.It softens the lines of the structure and helps it to fit into its natural surroundings.

F.Plus,the library was built on the edge of the city park, surrounded by native plants.

G. Buildings that fulfill these criteria offer both peace of mind and beauty for their users.

第三部分语言运用(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

阅读下面短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

Iusedtothinkmylifewasperfect.Mymomhadherdreamjobandabeautifuloffice,andIhadmyownroomwithacomputerandagardento41,ButoneSunday,everythingchanged.Ahurricane.42ourneighborhoodwhilewewerevisitingmygrandparentsinRaleigh.Ourkitchenwasdestroyed,andourcleanandcomfortablehomewasinruins.

Butsomething43happened.Ourneighbors,theFloresfamily,cametoour44.Theyhelpedclearbrokenpiecesandofferedusaplacetostay.Their45wasmostimpressive.Wehadnever46spokentothembefore,butthey47theirhometousandmadeusfeellikefamily.

Westartedanew48ofhavingweekenddinnertogether.Weinvitedotherfamiliesfromtheneighborhoodtojoinus,andour.49werefilledwithlaughteranddeliciousfood.Itwasabeautifulthingtoseeour50cometogctherinthewakeofadisaster.

I51knewRosica,theirdaughter,beforethehurricane.Butshequicklybecamemyfriend.Shehadagiftfor52andoureveningstogetherwerefilledwithadventureandlaughter.

Lookingback,Irealizethatthehurricane.53unexpectedbenefit.Itbroughtusclosertoourneighborsand 54ourlivesinwayswenevercouldhaveimagined.Sometimes,ittakesa(n)55tobringoutthebestinpeople.

第四部分写作(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(满分15分)

为庆祝四月二十日中国语言日,你校举办了主题活动。请你为校英文报写一篇报道,内容包括:

1. 活动内容;

2活动反响。

注意:

1. 写作词数应为80左右;

2. 请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。

ChineseLanguageDayCelebrationsonCampus


第二节(满分25分)

阅读下面材料,根据其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段,使之构成一篇完整的短文。

Outside the Box

The Harvestfest contest was falling on Friday and everyone in school was talking about it. All the students would show up in their self-made costumes(装扮)and a winner would be chosen by the principal.

“Do you have your costume for the Harvestfest contest?"Alice asked."I'm going as a chocolate bar. My mom and I have been working on it all week.”

“Yeah, I have a costume,”said Jordan Eastman, popping up the two front wheels of his wheelchair as he waited for his dad to pick him up.“But it's boring.”

“Why? What is it?”Alice asked.

“MaxMag the superhero, but Danny, Tom and Izzy are all going as MaxMag too.” Jordan shook his head.“That's too many to stand a chance at winning the contest.”He waved to his dad, who had just pulled up in front of the school.

Jordan rolled his wheelchair toward his dad, and Alice walked with him to the minivan(小货车).

“Maybe you should go as something else.”

“The contest is Friday night.”Jordan sighed.“It's too late to change costumes.”

“Jordan, you have to think outside the box. Look around your house and see what you have. There's hidden potential in everyday items."She took a sip of her drink, and told Jordan that her chocolate-bar costume was made from old fabric her mom had lying around and recycled plastics.

On his way home, Jordan was quiet. He kept thinking about Alice's words:Think outside the box.There's hidden potential in everyday items.When he got home, he found his mum handling with some wooden pieces. She was putting a new desk together. On top of the desk was the huge empty cardboard box the pieces had come in. Mom smiled at Jordan, pointing at the desk,“What do you think?”

注意:

1. 续写词数应为150左右;

2. 请按如下格式在答题卡的相应位置作答。

Jordan'seyesfellontheboxandhesmiled,"It'sperfect.…withmywheelchair.”

SoonitwasFridaynight,andJordancouldn'twaittoshowhiscostume.

参考答案

第二部分阅读

第一节(共15小题;每小题2.5分,满分37.5分)

21. C 22. D 23. B 24. A 25. D 26. B 27. A 28. D 29. A 30. C 31. B 32. C 33. D 34. A 35. B

第二节(共5小题;每小题2.5分,满分12.5分)

36. B 37. A 38. D 39. E 40. G

第三部分语言运用

第一节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

41. A 42. D 43. B 44. C 45. D 46. A 47. D 48. C 49. B 50. C 51. B 52. B 53. A 54. C 55. D

第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

56. conditions 57. stronger 58. Faced 59. was convinced 60. survival 61. an 62. to enjoy 63. tirelessly 64. on / forward 65. where

说明:

1.有拼写或大小写错误的作答不给分。

2.除所列答案外,若试评过程中发现其他可接受答案,须及时上报。

第二部分阅读

第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2.5 分,满分 37.5 分)

21. C 22. D 23. B 24. A 25. D 26. B 27. A 28. D 29. A 30. C 31. B 32. C 33. D 34. A 35. B

第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2.5 分, 满分 12.5 分)

36. B 37. A 38. D 39. E 40. G

第三部分语言运用

第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分)

41. A 42. D 43. B 44. C 45. D 46. A 47. D 48. C 49. B 50. C 51. B 52. B 53. A 54. C 55. D

第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

56. conditions 57. stronger 58. Faced 59. was convinced 60. survival 61. an 62. to enjoy 63. tirelessly 64. on / forward 65. where

说明:

1. 有拼写或大小写错误的作答不给分。

2. 除所列答案外,若试评过程中发现其他可接受答案,须及时上报。

(1)

Chinese Language Day Celebrations on Campus

April 20, the birthday of Chinese characters’ creator Cang Jie, witnessed the great success of our school’s first ever Chinese Language Day Celebrations.

On that day, more than 20 events were organized around the campus, offering the fullest experience of the beauty of our mother tongue. Among those most popular events were live Chinese Calligraphy show from our teachers, and the paper-cutting contest, with participants demonstrating delicately designed patterns of Chinese idioms. What won the most applause was the contest of tongue twisters, attracting visiting foreign students to showcase their wonderful oral Chinese.

The celebrations have had a positive effect on every participant. “Chinese language is so beautiful and interesting, I’ll definitely carry on my study into it,” one visiting student from France told the reporter.

(2)

Chinese Language Day Celebrations on Campus

To help students fully understand and appreciate the beauty of our mother tongue, our school held series of celebrations on April 20th, the Chinese Language Day. Participants include language experts and all the school teachers and students.

The celebrations include various wonderful activities. Language experts were invited to write Chinese calligraphy on the scene, winning whole-hearted praises from the audience. There were also speeches given by our teachers on how the Chinese language had thrived all the way through into modern times. The most impressive part was the students’ poetry recitation competition, fully displaying the rhythm and image of Chinese literary works.

Our Chinese Language Day Celebrations proved to be a huge success. Participants thought highly of it, saying that the celebrations have helped them see into our language in a more comprehensive and deeper angle.

第二节

(1)

Jordan’s eyes fell on the box and he smiled, “It’s perfect…with my wheelchair.”Seeing the puzzled look on his mum’s face, Jordan quickly told her the design of his new costume — MaxMag on his car. She smiled and gave him a thumbs up. “No time to wait! Let’s get started!” exclaimed his dad who just went in. For two nights, they cut, pasted, folded and unfolded the box; they drew on it and colored it to make it look like a real car; and they glued the old MaxMag costume onto it. When the new costume was finally ready, Jordan tried it on several times and continued to make necessary changes until satisfied.

Soon it was Friday night, and Jordan couldn’t wait to show his costume.When he wheeled himself into the party, he immediately spotted the three MaxMags. When they saw him, they couldn’t believe it. “The MaxMag and his car? That’s awesome!” Danny’s eyes lit up. “The wheels of your chair are just perfect!” said Tom. “You even have the headlights! It’s so cool.” Izzy pointed to the front. Jordan beamed. “Thanks!” When it was time to announce the winner, Jordan joined his friends by the stage. “The winner of this year’s Harvestfest costume contest is ...”, the principal paused to read the name off the card, “Jordan Eastman!” Everyone clapped. “See? You just needed to be creative!” Alice said. “You mean think outside the box!” Jordan patted on the flaming-red car attached to his chair, with an iconic MaxMag smile.

(2)

Jordan’s eyes fell on the box and he smiled, “It’s perfect … with my wheelchair.”Realizing Mom was confused, he quickly added, “That’s a cool desk, Mum. But can I have the big box for the Harvestfest contest?” He then explained excitedly how to turn it into a mobile refrigerator. “Brilliant! You will definitely be the superhero of the party, serving people their favourite drinks,” Mum exclaimed with a broad smile. In the following days, his priority after school was designing and making the new costume, fixing it to his wheelchair and exquisitely making a door. Finally, he even prepared some soft drinks to surprise his friends.

Soon it was Friday night, and Jordan couldn’t wait to show his costume to his friends.When he wheeled himself in as a mobile refrigerator, he heard admiring exclamations, guessing about who it would be. Jordan felt an increasing sense of pride and satisfaction. When he spotted a chocolate bar, he quickly moved towards it, stopped just several inches in front and quickly opened the door. “Jordan, it’s you!” Alice cried out. Jordan passed her her favourite drink. “Thank you, Alice. That’s an idea outside the box.” That night, although he didn’t win the best costume award from the principal, Jordan felt like the real MaxMag: his body and soul were no longer confined to the wheelchair. And he came to realize: there is hidden potential in everyday items, and so it is with every individual.

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