2018年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试仿真卷3英语 (三)

2018年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试仿真卷3英语 (三)
2021年08月08日21:10:06 0 725

2018年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试仿真卷3英语 (三)

英语 (三)

本试卷共12页。全卷满分150分。考试用时120分钟。

★祝考试顺利★

注意事项:

1.答题前,先将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在试题卷和答题卡上,并将准考证号条形码粘贴在答题卡上的指定位置。用2B铅笔将答题卡上试卷类型A后的方框涂黑。

2.选择题的作答:每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,写在试题卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。

3.非选择题的作答:用签字笔直接答在答题卡上对应的答题区域内。写在试题卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。

4.考试结束后,请将本试题卷和答题卡一并上交。

第Ⅰ卷

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分)

做题时,现将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分)

听下面 5 段对话,每段对话后有一个小题。从题中所给的 A,B,C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. Where will the woman go first?

  A. To the beach.        B. To the bank.        C. To the bathroom.

2. What does the woman mean?

  A. The man forgot to do his hair.    B. The man forgot to put on a tie.

  C. The man is wearing clothes that don’t match.

3. How does the woman probably feel?

  A. Annoyed.          B. Hungry.          C. Excited.

4. Why didn’t the man answer the phone?

  A. He lost it.          B. He didn’t hear it.      C. His phone ran out of power.

5. Who did the woman want to call?

  A. James.            B. Drake.           C. Daniel.

 

第二节 (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置,听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题。每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6至7题。

6. What does the man order?

  A. Hot dogs and fries. B. Burgers and fries. C. Sandwiches and sodas.

7. How much does the man give the woman as a tip?

  A. Three dollars. B. Two dollars. C. One dollar.

 

听第7段材料,回答第8至9题。

8. Where are the speakers?

  A. In a car.            B. On a boat.           C. On a motorcycle.

9. What is the woman doing?

  A. Looking at a paper map.    B. Trying to find a website.    C. Using a phone to give directions.

 

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10. What does the man like about YouTube?

  A. Watching funny home videos.

  B. Learning about the special TV channels.

  C. Putting his own videos on the website.

11. What kind of meals do the guys make in Epic Meal Time (《超级开饭时间》)?

  A. Low fat meals.    B. Unhealthy meals.      C. Vegetarian meals.

12. What happens to the meals in the end?

  A. They are tasted by the audience.         B. They are given to the homeless.

  C. They are eaten by the cooks and their friends.

 

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

13. What are the speakers mainly talking about?

  A. Their vets.     B. Money spent on pets.    C. Ways to buy dogs’ medicines.

14. What is the man’s dog’s name?

  A. Brett.            B. Fargo.               C. Ferguson.

15. What doesn’t the woman like about her vet?

  A. The limited services.    B. The prices her vet charged.  C. The difficulty of getting an appointment.

16. What isn’t one of the man’s suggestions?

  A. Going to his vet.       B. Looking online.      C. Going to a special pet store.  

 

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

17. When will the fire arrive close to Lakewood?

  A. By six o’clock in the evening.   B. By five o’clock in the evening.   C. By six o’clock in the morning.

18. Where shouldn’t residents go to escape the fire?

  A. Springfield.      B. Western Hill.       C. Point Cabina Station.

19. How long will it take residents to reach the safe zone?

  A. Less than ten minutes.        B. Less than twenty minutes.    C. Less than thirty minutes.

20. What are residents advised to do before they leave?

  A. Leave all pets behind.    B. Stay calm and do not panic. C. Tell the state police where they are going.

 

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题:每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

(安徽省合肥市2018届高三调研)

Golden Gate Bridge

Located in San Francisco, the Golden Gate Bridge started in the year 1933 to connect the San Francisco Peninsula with Marin County. It was finally thrown open to public traffic in 1937.It cost $25.7 million in the construction. Till the year 1957, the Golden Gate Bridge, at a length of 2,737 meters, was the longest suspension bridge in the world.

Brooklyn Bridge

The Brooklyn Bridge is located in Brooklyn. It is one of the oldest suspension bridges in the United States, having been opened in the year 1883.The length of the bridge is 1,843 meters. The bridge has been featured in several Hollywood movies.

George Washington Bridge

Also known as the Hudson River Bridge and the Columbus Bridge, the George Washington Bridge which connects Fort Lee to Manhattan came into use in 1931 after a construction period of almost 4 years. It is a two level suspension bridge that cost about $52 million to build.

Mackinac Bridge

This is the third biggest suspension bridge in the world at a length of 8,038 meters. The architect of this bridge was Dr. David B. Steinman who directed the construction of the bridge which started in the year 1054 and opened to the public in 1958.People using this bridge are charged a certain amount of money.

Navajo Bridge

Located in Arizona, this bridge crosses the Colorado River and is almost 250 meters long. The construction of this bridge started in the year 1927, ending two years later, costing $390,000.In the 1990s a second bridge was built which was opened to the public in 1994.The first bridge is now used only by pedestrians.

21. What do we know about the Golden Gate Bridge?

A. It consists of two bridges.                      B. It costs the least of the five bridges.

C. It is the longest suspension bridge in the world.     D. It takes about 4 years to complete the construction.

 

22. Which of the following bridges was built the earliest?

A. Golden Gate Bridge.              B. Brooklyn Bridge.

C. George Washington Bridge.        D. Navajo Bridge.

 

23. What will you do if you drive across Mackinac Bridge?

A. Have to pay some money.       B. Use the second bridge.

C. Cover nearly 250 meters.       D. See the statue of Dr. David B. Steinman.

 

 

 

 

 

B

(广东省广州市2018届高三调研)Paloma sat at a computer in the school library. She stared at the blank screen and the blinking cursor. She rummaged around in her backpack for a rubber band, and then she pulled her hair into a thick ponytail. Paloma looked at the computer screen. It was still blank. She sighed and flipped through her notebook to reread the assignment Mr. Molina had given the class three weeks ago. It was due in just two days, and Paloma knew that she couldn’t procrastinate any longer.

Write a creative short story using an experience that you have had recently, Paloma read. Your story should include two examples of figurative language.

Paloma and her family had recently taken a trip along North Carolina’s coast. They had visited four different lighthouses, and Paloma wondered what it would be like to live in a lighthouse. She knew that before lighthouses were automated, they were run by a lighthouse keeper who lived on the premises. Paloma thought she’d love to be a lighthouse keeper. Without thinking about it any longer, Paloma began to write the story.

I sat with my cat Sadie curled on my lap and looked out the window at the crashing waves. The heavy rain beat against my lighthouse like a thousand footsteps racing up and down the walls. I held Sadie closer, and she let out a small meow of displeasure. I knew that the coming storm could not be too dangerous if Sadie was still acting normally. I had read that animals can sense changes in weather and will seek shelter from a tornado or hurricane. I was relying on Sadie’s calmness to get me through my first hurricane on the island.

I knew that my lighthouse was sturdily built. It had survived more than one hundred years’ worth of hurricanes and tropical storms. There was no reason to believe that it couldn’t survive another. I looked up at the staircase that spiraled above me and worried as I felt the tower sway slightly in a gust of wind.

Paloma stopped and reread what she had just written. She smiled to herself in delight, saved her story, and then settled into her chair to continue writing. She wasn’t sure what was going to happen next, but she knew that if she kept going, the story would continue to tell itself. Paloma couldn’t wait to find out where it would take her.

 

24. Why is Paloma feeling anxious at the beginning of the passage?

A. She hasn’t much time left to do her writing task.       B. She doesn’t know the details of her writing task.

C. She has completely forgotten about her writing task.  D. She doesn’t know what is wrong with her computer.

 

25. What is the inspiration for Paloma’s story idea?

A. Her cat.    B. Her teacher.     C. Her trip.    D. Her dream.

 

26. In Paloma’s story, how does the lighthouse keeper decide if the storm is dangerous?

A. By listening to the weather report.         B. By watching the crashing waves.

C. By observing the cat’s behaviour.         D. By measuring the movement of the lighthouse.

 

27. As described in the final paragraph, how does Paloma feel after she has written the first part of her story?

A. Confused.    B. Excited.    C. Relieved.    D. Determined.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

C

(河北省衡水中学2018届高三九模)Over a hundred years ago in 1911, something strange was found in the glaciers of Antarctica. Crilffith Taylor--an Australian geologist, had discovered a blood red stream pouring out of the ice cascades (瀑布) of Talor Glacier! Popularly known as the Blood Falls, scientists had not been able to find the reason behind the blood red liquid flowing through the ice---until recently. The mystery of the Blood Falls had finally been solved.

When these falls were first discovered, scientists had believed that the red colour came from a large amount of red algae (海藻) concentrated in the water. Red algae contain a pigment (色素) which reflects red light, making the algae appear red.

This theory made sense, until it was later found that algae do not play a part in the red color of the flowing liquid at all. What realty causes Talor Glacier’s waters appear blood red, is the presence of iron oxide in the liquid. The waters of the blood falls arc rich in salt and iron content, and when this water comes in contact with the air, it turns redjust like rust! The water in these falls is often referred to as brine by scientists because of the high salt content in the water.

This reasoning behind the red colors of the falls was found back in 2003. However, the entire mystery had not yet been solved. How is it then, that the Blood Falls are not frozen?

Researchers at the University of Colorado and University of Alaska found that inside the glacier, there was a network of channels and reservoirs that move the water around. Salt water has a lower freezing temperature. In addition, when any substance undergoes a change in state, it gives off heat. Therefore, the brine actually warm itself up while it’s freezing! How this works, is that when the brine is flowing through the Talor Glacier, some of it does freeze. As a result of changing state from liquid to ice, the brine gives off heat. This heat is enough to keep the rest of the brine in liquid form, which is why it flows out of the glacier.

Incredible new chemistry facts found, and mystery solved!

28. According to the text, the red algae theory was once considered       .

A. ridiculous    B. reasonable    C. impractical    D. complex

 

29. Why does the Blood Falls look red in colour?

A. Because there is too much salt and iron in its water.     B. Because its liquid is rich in red algae.

C. Because the flowing liquid reflects red sunlight      D. Because the air is thin and rare in Antarctica.

 

30. What is the main reason for the Blood Falls’ not freezing?

A. The water continued flowing constantly.   B. There is too much salt in the water.

C. The brine gives off heat while freezing   D. Temperatures aren’t high enough for flowing water.

 

31. What is the passage mainly about?

A. The discovery of the blood glacier.     B. The birth of the Talor Glacier.

C. The flowing red water in Antarctica.   D. The mystery of the Blood Falls.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

D

(山东省淄博实验中学2018届高三一诊)

Legend has it that the performing arts began when a Greek singer named Thespis invented tragedy. In 534 B.C., Thespis was performing a hymn(赞美诗)to the god Dionysius. Such hymns, called dithyrambs, were usually sung by a lead singer and a chorus. Thespis added a speaking actor. Performances at the annual Dionysian festival soon included plays with three actors as well as the standard hymns. By 449 B.C., the Greeks were giving prizes to the best actor and the best playwright at the festival. A modern word for actorthespian recognizes the debt today's drama owes to Thespis.

Performing in a Greek play required physical strength. Because each play had only three actors, performers had to play several roles. Chorus members both sang and danced. Being in the chorus for the many performances given at a festival was said to be as demanding as competing in the Olympic Games.

The Theater of Dionysius in Athens could hold 20,000 people. Even those in the front rows were quite a distance from the actors. Performers used grand gestures and wore masks so that they could be seen by everyone in their huge audience. Tragic(悲剧的)actors wore long clothes and masks. Comic actors wore short costumes that let them move freely and masks designed to make them look ugly or silly. Sometimes the chorus were dressed up to look like animals.

Another legacy(遗产)of the ancient Greeks is the deus ex machina, or "god from the machine". If a playwright was having trouble with the plot, he might have a god appear through a trap door(天窗).The god would rescue the main character and find a solution to any difficult plot situations. Modem writers might not call on gods, but they do sometimes use unlikely ways to end a story. A character or an event that brings a complicated plot to an unlikely conclusion is still called deus ex machina.

32. We can learn from Paragraph 1 that       .

A. the word "thespian" means "debt" in English    B. the Dionysian festival was held once a year

C. there were four actors in early Greek drama     D. the first tragedy was performed in 449B.C

 

33. From the passage we can know       .

A. it was not easy to get a chance to perform in the chorus

B. the best actor and the best playwright would be given money

C. the playwright must play a role in the performance

D. the audience sat very close to actors to have a good view

 

34. According to the passage, one difference between early Greek comedies and tragedies is       .

A. the actors' distance from the audience   B. the play's beginning

C. the number of performers            D. the actors' clothes

 

35. Deus ex machina is       .

A. a kind of tragedy popular with ancient audience

B. a type of character that modern writers often write about

C. a way ancient Greek dramatist used to develop the plot

D. a style of performance first used by ancient Greek actors

 

 

 

 

 

第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分 45)

第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

(河南省林州一中2018届高三调研))Mary and her husband Dimitri __41___ in the small village of Perachora in southern Greece. One of Mary’s prize possessions was a little white __42___ which her husband had given her. She kept it ___43___ to a tree in a field during the day and went to fetch it every __44___. One evening, however, the lamb ___45___. The rope had been cut, so it was obvious that the lamb had been ___46___.

When Dimitri came in from the fields, his wife told him what had happened. Dimitri at once ___47___ to find the thief. He knew it would not be __48___, in such a small village. After telling several of his friends about the __49___, Dimitri found out that his neighbour, Aleko, had __50___ acquired a new lamb. Dimitri immediately went to Aleko’s house and angrily ___51___ him of stealing the lamb. He told him he had better __52___ it or he would call the police. Aleko didn’t ___53___ taking it and led Dimitri into his back yard. It was true that he had just bought a lamb, he ___54___, but his lamb was black.__55___ of having acted so rudely, Dimitri __56___ to Aleko for having accused him. While they were talking it began to rain and Dimitri stayed in Aleko’s house ___57___ the rain stopped. When he went outside half an hour later, he was ___58___ to find that the little black lamb was almost ___59___. Its wool, which had been dyed black, had been ___60___ clean by the rain!

41. A. traveled      B. arrived       C. lived        D. worked

42. A. lamb         B. dog          C. cow         D. horse

43. A. attached      B. added        C. tied         D. applied

44. A. day          B. hour         C. week        D. evening

45. A. was running   B. was missing   C. removed     D. lost

46. A. killed        B. sold          C. stolen       D. disappeared

47. A. put out        B. came out      C. made out     D. set out

48. A. difficult       B. formal        C. true          D. false

49. A. village        B. people        C. theft          D. story

50. A. suddenly      B. again          C. already       D. then

51. A. blamed        B. argued        C. accused       D. charged

52. A. return         B. refuse         C. hand         D. find

53. A. admit         B. insist          C. allow        D. enjoy

54. A. told           B. explained      C. sighed       D. talked

55. A. Convinced      B. Informed      C. Ashamed     D. Robbed

56. A. acknowledged   B. admired       C. advocated     D. apologized

57. A. before          B. until          C. after         D. when

58. A. excited         B. sad            C. astonished    D. disappointed

59. A. black           B. colourful       C. grey         D. white

60. A. washed         B. transformed     C. turned       D. dashed

 

 

 

 

 

 

第二节 (共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。

(安徽省蒙城一中等2018届高三五校联考)Talking to yourself may seem a little shameful. According to the well-known saying, talking to yourself is the first sign of madness, ___36___ Talking to ourselves, whether out loud or silently in our heads, is a valuable tool for thought.

Far from being mentally ill, self-talk allows us to plan what we are going to do, manage our activities, regulate our emotions and even create a description of our experience.___37___

As children, according to the Russian psychologist Lev Vygotsky, we use private speech to regulate our actions in the same way that we use public speech to control the behavior of others.___38___ Psychological experiments have shown that the private speech can improve our performance on tasks ranging from judging what other people are thinking to sorting images into categories. One recent study suggested that self-talk is most effective when we address ourselves in the second person, as you rather than I.

___39___ If you want proof, turn on the sports channel. You’re certain to see an athlete or two cheering themselves up with a bitter phrase or scolding themselves after a bad shot.

Conduct a dialogue with ourselves.__40___ The private speech seems to be a particularly good way of solving problems and working through ideas. The to-and-fro between different points of view means our thoughts can end up in expected places, just like a regular dialogue can, and might turn out to be one of the keys lo human creativity.

A. What is private speech?

B. Bui there is no need for embarrassment.

C. Psychologists refer to this as private speech.

D. Ask questions of the self and provide answers.

E. We do a lot of private speech when we are young.

F. As we grow older, we make the private speech become the way of blinking,

G. Although the private speech is effective, we never entirely put away the out-loud speech.

 

 

 

 

 

第三部分 英语知识运用

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

(江西省临川二中新余四中2018届高三1月联考)Did you grow up in one culture, your parents came from another, and you are now living in a ___61___ (total)different country? If so, then you are a third-culture kid.

The term thirdculture kid ___62___ (use)in the 1960s for the first time by Dr. Ruth. She first came across this phenomenon while ___63___ (research)North American children living in India. In general, third-culture kids benefit from ___64___ (they)intercultural experience and they often reach excellent academic results.

Yet many ___65___ (difficulty)may arise from this phenomenon. Third-culture kids may not be able to adapt themselves completely ___66___ their new surroundings. Also, they often find it hard ___67___ (develop)new friendship. Additionally, for a third-culture kid, it is often easier to move to a new country ___68___ to return to his homeland. For example, after living in Australia for many years, Louis finally returned to the country ___69___ she was born. She didn’t know anything about current TV shows ___70___ fashion trends . And she didn’t share the same values as other teens of her age.

 

第四部分 写作 (共两节 满分 35)

第一节 短文改错(10 分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。

文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

     增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ),并在其下面写出该加的词。

     删除:把多余的词用斜线( )划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多着(从第11处起)不计分。

(贵州省遵义航天高级中学2018届高三一模))Having a dream is of great importance. Your dreams are ordinary and realistic. I hope I will admitted into a top university and become a good doctor after I will graduate from university. I hoped one day I can find a cure for cancer. I hope those whom love me and those whom I love will be healthy and live happy every day. To realize my dreams, I will take more exercises to build up my body. I will try my best to focus time and energy to my study. I must work hard at my lessons or be fully preparing for the entrance exam.

 

第二节  书面表达(满分25分)

  (百校联盟2018届高三一月联考) 假定你是李华。你校最近举办了一场运动会,请给你的美国笔友Jonah写一封邮件,介绍运动会的相关情况及比赛中一件令你难忘的事。

注意:1. 词数100左右;

2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

________________________________________________________________________________

          _____________________________________________________

【答案】

Dear Jonah,

I have something exciting to tell you. Our school held a sports meeting at the school stadium last week. The event included all kinds of track and field competitions. Four boys from my class took part in the 4×100m relay race. Our team took the lead at first. But Wang Hui, the last to run, fell down suddenly when he took the stick from another boy. His knee was injured, but he stood up and kept on running towards the finish line. Deeply touched by his courage, all the audience cheered loudly. Although he was the last one to reach the finish line, our class was rewarded the Excellent Group Award because he didn’t give up.

Do you have anything interesting to tell me?

Best wishes!

Yours,

Li Hua

 

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