广东学位英语强化班讲义第六节虚拟语气

广东学位英语强化班讲义第六节虚拟语气
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2021年10月11日10:22:11 0 219

广东学位英语强化班讲义第六节虚拟语气

一、非真实条件句

(一)三个基本形态

1、要点

表示虚拟的时间 从句谓语的形式 主句谓语的形式

现在 did/were would(should﹑might﹑could)+do

过去 haddone would(should﹑might﹑could)+havedone

将来 wereto(should)do would(should﹑might﹑could)+do

2、学位英语真题汇编

(1)Ifabettermaterial_______,thestrengthofthepartwouldhavebeenincreased.

A.hadbeenused B.hadbeenusing

C.beingused D.using

(2)Ifyou_______thatnight,youmighthavebeentoolatetogetyourticket.

A.didn'thurry B.hadn'thurried

C.wouldn'thurry D.hadn'ttohurry

(3)IwouldaskGeorgetolendusthemoneyifI_______him.

A.hadknown B.haveknown C.knew D.tohaveknew

(4)Doyouthinktherewouldbelessconflictintheworldifallpeople_______thesamelanguage?

A.spoke B.speak C.hadspoken D.willspeak

(5)He____themathsexaminationifhehadworkedhardenough,buthedidn't.

A.wouldpassB.haspassedC.wouldhavepassedD.passed

3、其他真题选编

(1)Ifthewholeoperation_______beforehand,agreatdealoftimeandmoneywouldhavebeenlost.

A.wasnotplanned B.hasnotbeenplanned

C.hadnotbeenplanned D.werenotplanned

(2)Thingsmighthavebeenmuchworseifthemother_______onherrighttokeepthebaby.

A.hasbeeninsisting B.hadinsisted

C.wouldinsist D.insisted

(3)Ididn'tseeyoursisteratthemeeting.Ifshe _______ ,shewouldhavemetmybrother.

A.hascome  B.didcome  C.came  D.hadcome

(4)Youdidn'tletmedrive.  Ifwe_______ inturn,you _______ sotired.

A.drove,didn'tget B.drove;wouldn'tget

C.weredriving;wouldn'tget D.haddriven;wouldn'thavegot

(二)四种特殊的结构

1、倒装

当条件句中有助动词should、had、were,可以省去if,而将助动词置于句首

学位英语真题汇编

(1)_______youwerebusy,Iwouldn'thavebotheredyouwithmyquestions.

A.IfIrealized B.HadIrealized

C.DidIhaverealizedthat D.AsIrealized

(2)_______,Ishouldaskthemsomequestions.

A.Shouldtheycometous B.Iftheycometous

C.Weretheycometous D.Hadtheycometous

(3)Hadtheweatherbeengood,thechildren_______outforawalk.

A.hadgone B.couldhavegone C.wouldgo D.went

(4)Marysaidtome,“HadIseenyourbag,I_______ittoyou.”

A.willreturn B.mustreturn

C.couldreturn D.wouldhavereturned

(5)_______theadviceofhisfriends,hewouldnothavesufferedsuchaheavylossinhisbusiness.

A.Ifhetook B.Ifheshouldtake

C.Werehetotake D.Hadhetaken

(6)Iwouldhavetoldhimaboutthechangeoftimefortheclass,________toclasslast'tune.

A.didhecomeB.hecameC.hadhecomeD.hehadcome

其他真题选编

(1)_______beforewedepartthedayaftertomorrow,weshouldhaveawonderfuldinnerparty.

A.Hadtheyarrived B.Wouldtheyarrive

C.Weretheyarriving D.Weretheytoarrive

(2)Hadheworkedharder,he_______theexams.

A.musthavegotthough B.couldgetthough

C.wouldgetthough D.wouldhavegotthough

2、含蓄虚拟句

without

学位英语真题汇编

(1)Withoutyourhelp,we_______somuch.

A.didn'tachieve B.wouldnothaveachieved

C.willnotachieve D.don'tachieve

(2)Withoutheatandsunlight,plantsontheearth_______well.

A.wouldnotgrow B.willnotgrow

C.hadnotgrown D.wouldnotbegrown

其他真题选编

(1)Withouttheairtoholdsomeofthesun'sheat,theearthatnight_______,toocoldforustolive.

A.wouldbefreezingcold B.willbefreezingcoldly

C.wouldbefrozencold D.canfreezecoldly

(2)Withoutelectricityhumanlife _______  quitedifferenttoday.

A.is    B.willbe C.wouldhavebeen  D.wouldbe

butfor

学位英语真题汇编

(1)Butfortherain,we_______aniceholiday.

A.shouldhave B.wouldhavehad C.wouldhave D.willhavehad

(2)Butformyclassmates’help,I_______theworkintime.

A.didnotfinish B.couldnotfinish

C.willnotfinish D.wouldnothavefinished

其他真题选编

(1)_______thestorm,theshipwouldhavereacheditsdestinationontime.(2003.6)

A.Inspiteof B.Incaseof C.Butfor D.Becauseof

3、跳层虚拟句

学位英语真题汇编

(1)Hewasverybusyyesterday;otherwisehe_______tothemeeting.

A.wouldhavecome B.wouldcome C.couldcome D.hadcome

(2)Iwouldhavetoldhimtheanswerhaditbeenpossible,butI_______sobusythen.

A.am B.were C.was D.wouldbe

(3)Iwouldhavejoinedhiminapicnic,butI_______hiscompany.

A.willnotlike B.don'tlike

C.hadnotliked D.mightnotlike

其他真题选编

(1)Wedidn’tknowhistelephonenumber,otherwisewe_______him.

A.hadtelephoned B.musthavetelephoned

C.wouldtelephone D.wouldhavetelephoned

4、混合时间虚拟句

学位英语真题汇编

(1)Ifyou_______thatlatemovielastnight,youwouldn'tbesosleepy.

A.hadn'twatched B.haven'twatched

C.wouldn'thavewatched D.didn'twatch

其他真题选编

(1)IfIhadn'tstoodundertheladdertocatchyouwhenyoufell,you_______now.

A.wouldn'tbesmiling          B.couldn'thavesmiled 

C.won'tsmile                  D.didn'tsmile 

二、从句中的虚拟

(一)宾语从句

标志词(动词)+that+(should)+do

标志词:ask、advise、beg、command、decide、demand、deserve、desire、determine、direct、insist、order、prefer、propose、request、require、recommend、suggest、urge

解题步骤:

1、找到标志词

2、选出动词do

学位英语真题汇编

1、ThedoctoradvisedthatMr.Malan_______anoperationrightawaysoastosavehislife.

A.had B.wouldhave

C.have D.wasgoingtohave

2、Hismotherinsistedthathe_______thecoatwhengoingout.

A.puton B.putson C.toput D.puttingon

3、Thedoctoradvisedherthatshe_______enoughrestbeforegoingbacktowork.

A.toget B.get C.gets D.got

4、Idon’tthinkitadvisablethatTom_______tothejobsincehehasnoexperience.

A.beassigned B.isassigned

C.willbeassigned D.hasbeenassigned

其他真题选编

1、Wedesirethatthetourleader_______usimmediatelyofanychangeinplans.

A.inform B.informs C.informed D.hasinformed

2、AsCommander-in-chiefofthearmedforces,Ihavedirectedthatallmeasures_______forourdefense.

A.hadbeentaken B.wouldbetaken

C.betaken D.tobetaken

3、Mike’suncleinsists_______inthishotel.

A.stayingnot B.nottostay

C.thathewouldnotstay D.thathenotstay

(二)主语从句

Itis+标志词(形容词或动词的过去分词)+that+(should)+do

标志词:appropriate、desirable、essential、important、impossible、necessary、natural、normal、urgent、vital

解题步骤:

1、找到标志词

2、选出动词do

学位英语真题汇编

1、Itisnecessarythatwe_______haveagoodcommandofEnglishatcollege.

A.must B.haveto C.should D.oughtto

2、Itishighlydesirablethatanewpresident_______forthisuniversity.

A.isappointed B.willbeappointed

C.beappointed D.hasbeenappointed

3、It'surgentthatameeting_______beforethefinaldecisionismade.

A.willbearranged B.mustbearranged

C.bearranged D.wouldbearranged

4、Itisdesirablethathe_______.

A.givesuptrying B.giveuptrying

C.wouldgiveuptrying D.isgoingtogiveuptrying

5、It'svitalthatenoughmoney_______collectedtogettheprojectstarted.

A.is B.be C.mustbe D.canbe

6、It'sdesiredthatshe_______toteachusatleasttwiceaweek.

A.comes B.willcome C.come D.maycome

其他真题选编

1、Itwasessentialthattheapplicationforms_______backbeforethedeadline.

A.mustbesent B.wouldbesent C.besent D.weresent

2、Itisrecommendedthattheproject_______untilallthepreparationshavebeenmade.

A.notbestarted B.willnotbestarted C.isnotstarted D.isnottobestarted

3、Itispolitelyrequestedbythehotelmanagementthatradios_______after11o’clockatnight.

A.werenotplayed B.nottoplay C.notbeplayedD.didnotplay

4、Itisimportantthatenoughmoney_______tofundtheproject.

A.becollected B.mustbecollectedC.wascollected D.canbecollected

5、Idon'tthinkitadvisablethatTim_______tothejobsincehehasnoexperience.

A.isassigned            B.willbeassigned C.beassigned      D.hasbeenassigned

6、Itisimportantthatthehotelreceptionist_______thatguestsareregisteredcorrectly.

A.hasmadesure B.madesure C.mustmakesure D.makesure.

(三)同位语从句

标志词(名词)+that+(should)+do

标志词:advice、decision、demand、desire、order、preference、proposal、requirement、recommendation、suggestion

解题步骤:

1、找到标志词

2、选出动词do

学位英语真题汇编

1、Hersuggestionthateverybody_______wasnotappreciated.

A.singasong B.sangasong C.sungasong D.singingasong

其他真题选编

1、Weareallforyourproposalthatthediscussion________.

A.beputoff B.wasputoff C.shouldputoff D.istoputoff

2、Thesuggestionthatmayor_______theprizewasacceptedbyeveryone.

A.wouldpresent B.present C.presents D.oughttopresent

3、Manyadelegatewasinfavorofhisproposalthataspecialcommittee_______toinvestigatetheincident.

A.weresetup B.wassetupC.besetup D.setup

(四)表语从句

标志词(名词)+is+that+(should)+do

标志词:advice、command、decision、demand、desire、order、preference、proposal、requirement、recommendation、suggestion

解题步骤:

1、找到标志词

2、选出动词do

学位英语真题汇编

1、Thegeneral’scommandwasthatthesoldiers_______theirfortandcarryoutmoreimportanttasks.

A.wouldleave B.leave C.left D.haveleft

2、Thedoctor'sadvicewasthatthepatient_______atonce.

A.tobeoperated B.beingoperated C.beoperated D.operated

3、Mysuggestionyesterdaywasthatameeting_______todiscussthematter.

A.shouldhold      B.mustbeheld      C.wouldbeheld      D.beheld

(五)目的状语从句

incase+(should)+do

lest+(should)+do

学位英语真题汇编

1、Iwroteitdown_______Ishouldforgetit.

A.incase B.incaseof C.inorderthat D.forfearof

2、Writtenapplicationsshouldbesenttousincase_______someproblemswiththeelectricversion.

A.therewillbe B.thereis C.therebe D.therewas

其他真题选编

1、Themadmanwasputinthepaddedcelllesthe_______himself.

A.injure B.hadinjured C.injured D.wouldinjure

2、Hewaspunished_______heshouldmakethesamemistakeagain.

A.unless B.provided C.if D.lest

3、Webookedroomsatthehotel_______weshouldfindnovacanciesonourarrival.

A.whenever B.if C.since D.lest

三、其他结构

(一)wish后的宾语从句

对现状表示的愿望:过去时

对过去发生的事情表示遗憾、后悔:过去完成时

对将来发生的事情表示祝愿:过去将来时

学位英语真题汇编

1、Iwishyou_______tomebeforeyouwentandboughtthatcar.

A.spoke B.willspeak

C.wasgoingtospeak D.hadspoken

2、Peterwishesthathe________lawinsteadofliteraturewhenhewasincollege.

A.couldstudy B.studied C.hadstudied D.wouldstudy

3、Ididn’tgototheparty,butIdowishI_______there.

A.were B.wouldbe C.hadbeen D.willbe

4、—Didyouseeheroffthedaybeforeyesterday?

—No,butIwishI_______.

A.were B.did C.had D.would

其他真题选编

1、Jackwishesthathe_______businessinsteadofhistorywhenhewasinuniversity.

A.studied B.study C.hadbeenstudying D.hadstudied

(二)asif

asthough

似乎、好象的意思

引导方式状语从句

从句中要虚拟

主句从句

现在过去时

过去过去完成时

学位英语真题汇编

1、Hetalksasifhe_______everythingintheworld.

A.knows B.knew C.hadknown D.wouldhaveknown

其他真题选编

1、Whenapencilispartlyinaglassofwater,itlooksasifit_______.

A.breaks B.hasbroken C.werebroken D.hadbeenbroken

(三)It’s(high)time(that)did

学位英语真题汇编

1、It'shightimewe_______somethingtostoptrafficaccident.

A.do B.willdo C.did D.mustdo

2、Don’tyouthinkitistimeyou_______smoking?

A.giveup B.gaveup C.wouldgiveup D.shouldgiveup

3、Let'sfinishourhomeworkinafewseconds;it'stimewe_______.

A.playedfootball B.willplayfootball

C.playfootball D.areplayingfootball

4、Youhavestayedathomefortwodays.It’stimeyou_______forawalk.

A.goout B.wentout C.willgoout D.wouldgoout

(四)wouldratherthatdid

学位英语真题汇编

1、I’d_______youdidn’ttouchthat,ifyoudon’tmind.

A.rather B.better C.happier D.further

2、Iamtoobusythesedays.Iwouldratherallofyou_______nextmonthforadinner.

A.come B.wouldcome C.came D.havecome

3、Shesaysshe'dratherhe_______tomorrowinsteadoftoday.

A.leaves Bleft C.leave D.wouldleave

其他真题选编

1、Youdon’thavetobeinsuchahurry,Iwouldratheryou_______onbusinessfirst.

A.wouldgo B.willgo C.went D.havegone

2、I’dratheryou_______makeanycommentontheissueforthetimebeing.

A.don’t B.wouldn’tC.didn’t D.shouldn’t

3、Wouldn’tyouratheryourchild_______tobeearly?

A.go B.went C.wouldgo D.goes

4、Themanagerwouldratherhisdaughter_______inthesameoffice.

A.hadnotworked B.nottowork C.dosenotwork D.didnotwork

5、Whowouldyourather_______withyou,Georgeorme?

A.going Btogo C.havegone D.went


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