48.8°C! Italy may set the highest temperature ever recorded in Europe
(Observer Network News) According to a report by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) on August 11, local time, the temperature in Syracuse, Sicily, Italy may have set the highest temperature ever recorded in Europe, reaching 48.8 degrees Celsius (119.8 degrees Fahrenheit). ).
According to reports, this temperature reading was reported by the local government on the 11th, and it still needs to be verified by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). According to WMO data, the current official highest temperature record in Europe is 48 degrees Celsius measured in Athens, Greece in 1977.
According to the BBC, the recent high temperature in Italy was caused by an anticyclone called "Lucifer". An anticyclone refers to a horizontal air vortex whose central pressure is higher than the surrounding air pressure. The anticyclone moves from Africa. .
BBC report screenshot BBC report screenshot
A spokesperson for the Italian National Meteorological Agency told AFP that the high temperature recorded near Syracuse has exceeded the highest temperature recorded in Sicily in 1999 by 48.5 degrees Celsius, but this data still needs to wait for further progress. verify.
According to reports, it is expected that in the future "Lucifer" will pass through Italy and continue to move north, and the temperature in the capital Rome and other cities will further rise. At present, the Italian Ministry of Health has issued red warnings for extreme high temperatures in several regions. By this Friday (13th), the number of cities facing the highest level of health risks is expected to increase from 8 to 15.
On August 9th, local time, Milan, Italy, the local area ushered in high temperatures, and people soaked their feet in the fountain. Oriental IC map local time August 9th, Milan, Italy, the local welcoming high temperature, people soak their feet in the fountain. Oriental IC map
This high-temperature heat wave not only caused some countries to set the highest temperature records for decades, but also caused the spread of wildfires in southern Italy. Sicily, Calabria and Puglia were the most affected areas.
On the 11th, an Italian firefighter revealed that within 12 hours, they had been fighting through the night in places such as Sicily and Calabria, participating in more than 300 missions to control the fire that burned thousands of acres of land.
The Italian fire department said that from June 15 to August 7 this year, 44,442 operations were launched against wildfires, compared with 26158 in the same period last year. The number of wildfire rescue missions carried out by small planes and helicopters was 2 in the same period last year. Times.
Firefighters fighting in Palermo, Italy
At the same time, due to strong winds and dry vegetation, wildfires have also occurred in various parts of Greece. Some foreign rescue teams are helping to extinguish the fire. Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis described this as a disaster. Called "Nightmare Summer".
It is worth noting that this is not the first time that "Lucifer" has affected and invaded Europe. As early as the summer of 2017, the "Lucifer" anticyclone from Sub-Saharan Africa brought a heat wave to Europe, causing extreme weather in many European countries. At that time, some scientists pointed out that by 2050, "Lucifer" heat waves with temperatures above 40 degrees Celsius will become the norm in southern Europe, and governments must take precautions.
The BBC stated that since entering the industrial age, the global temperature has risen by about 1.2 degrees Celsius. If governments do not drastically cut emissions, the temperature may continue to rise. On August 9, the United Nations issued an important report stating that human activities have caused extreme weather to occur more frequently.
意大利巴勒莫地区的消防员奋战在救火一线 图自社交媒体意大利巴勒莫地区的消防员奋战在救火一线 图自社交媒体