6._______ by the air, the kite went up into the sky.
C.Having been pushed
B 本题考查分词的用法。句意：在风的推动下，风筝飞到了天上。由于the kite和push之间是被动关系，所以此处应用动词的过去分词。
7.She’s broken her arm again.
Again? I_______ she_______ ever broken it before.
A.don’t know; has
B.didn’t know; had
C.didn’t know; has
D.hadn’t know; would
8.Before writing your article, _______, collect your material, and prepare an outline.
A.a topic should be selected
B.a topic to be selected
C.your topic should be selected
D.select a topic
9.I usually travel by train.
Why not _______ by plane for a change？
A.to try going
B.trying to go
C.to try and go
D 本题考查固定用法。句意：我通常乘火车旅行。为什么不改变一下，尝试乘飞机呢？why not后面跟动词原形，意为为什么不做某事，try doing sth. 意为尝试做某事。
10.If we_______ sooner, we might have got there.
C.would have started
B 本题考查虚拟语气。句意：如果我们早点儿出发的话，我们可能已经到那儿了。在if引导的条件句中，表示与过去事实相反的假设，虚拟语气的形式一般为从句的谓语是过去完成时(had done)，主句的谓语是would(should, could, might)+have done。
11.It was after he got what he had desired_______he realized it was not so important.
A 本题考查强调句型。句意：在他得到所期望的一切后，他才意识到并没有那么重要。It wasthat构成强调句，对时间状语从句after he got what he had desired进行强调。
12.Water always_______ steam when boiled.
C 本题考查动词词组辨析。句意：水沸腾时会散发出水蒸气。give out分发；give up放弃；give off发出，放出；give in屈服。
13.I didn’t hear the phone. I_______asleep.
B.must have been
D.should have been
14.Sarah had her washing machine repaired the day before yesterday, _______ she?
15.At the foot of the mountain_______.
A.a village lie
B.lies a village
C.does a village lie
D.lying a village
16.Where is the farm_______ your brother is working?
C 本题考查定语从句。句意：你兄弟工作的农场在哪里? farm表地点，从句应由where或介词+ which引导，A、B两项可排除。在农场要用on the farm，故选C。
17.It’s _______ good feeling for people to admire the Shanghai World Expo that gives them _______ pleasure.
18.Teachers recommend parents_______their children under 12 to ride bicycles to school for safety.
B.do not allow
19.They have produced_______ they did last year.
A.twice as much grain as
B.twice more grain as
C.twice as many grain as
D.as twice many grain as
A 本题考查倍数的表示法。句意：他们已经生产了是去年两倍的粮食。本题倍数表示法的常用结构为:A istimes as+原级+as B。又因为grain为不可数名词，故用much修饰。
20.Would you take this along to my home for me?
D.Don’t mention it
A 本题考查日常交际用语。句意：你愿意帮我把这个带回家吗？非常愿意。With pleasure意为非常愿意，表示同意对方的请求。That’s right意为那是对的，表示对方所说的话是正确的。Never mind意为没关系，常用于回答对方的道歉。Don’t mention it意为不用谢，用于回答对方的感谢。
Sometimes I feel that being the mother of three small children is like operating a large circus (马戏团). 21 afternoon last week, my three sons were playing peacefully in the back yard (院子), 22 the ball from one to another. I jumped at the chance to talk to one of my friends 23 the phone, but before I 24 to the phone, I could tell the boys had begun to quarrel with each other about something. I rushed out to 25 peace, but before I got there Charles had 26 a rock at Mark, and hit him in the eye. By the time I got to the back yard, they had begun to 27 about this. Even David, the oldest boy, who won’t usually fight with anybody about 28 ,was involved (卷入). First, I 29 them stop fighting, and then I examined Mark’s eye. I decided that it wasn’t going to develop into a black eye, but I felt that they should 30 at least a little for 31 they had done. I’m going to 32 to your father about this when he comes home tonight, I said. He and I will think of how to punish you. Things were 33 quiet after that for about half an hour, and then Charles 34 a glass in the kitchen, and at almost the same 35 , Mark fell out of the apple tree.
C 固定搭配题。talk to sb. on the phone和某人用电话交谈。
B 词语搭配题。make peace意为讲和，调解，符合句意。
A 词义辨析题。throw扔；hit，beat，strike都有打击的意思。throw at意为朝扔，符合句意。
D 词义辨析题。told和order后要跟to。let sb. do sth.和make sb. do sth.都有让某人做某事的意思，但make表示强迫，let表示选择。
B 词义辨析题。tell和speak都有说的意思，tell的用法是tell sb. sth.，speak后可以跟to。
A 词义辨析题。pretty可以修饰形容词原级，表示非常；much修饰形容词比较级；very much修饰动词；a lot一般修饰名词。
A 固定搭配题。at the same moment意为同时，符合句意。
I found out one time that doing a favor for someone could get you into a lot of trouble. I was in the eighth grade at the time, and we were having a final test. During the test, the girl sitting next to me whispered something, but I didn’t understand. So I leaned over her way and found out that she was trying to ask me if I had an extra pen. She showed me that hers was out of ink and would not write. I happened to have an extra one, so I took it out of my pocket and put it on her desk. Later, after the test papers had been turned in, the teacher asked me to stay in the room when all the other students were dismissed (解散). As soon as we were alone she began to talk to me about what it meant to grow up; she talked about how important it was to stand on your own two feet and be responsible (负责任) for your own acts. For a long time, she talked about honesty and emphasized (强调) the fact that when people do something dishonest, they are really cheating (欺骗) themselves. She made me promise that I would think seriously (认真地) about all the things she had said, and then she told me I could leave. I walked out of the room wondering why she had chosen to talk to me about all those things. Later on, I found out that she thought I had cheated on the test. When she saw me lean over to talk to the girl next to me, it looked as if I was copying answers from the girl’s test paper. I tried to explain about the pen, but all she could say was it seemed very very strange to her that I hadn’t talked of anything about the pen the day she talked to me right after the test. Even if I tried to explain that I was just doing the girl a favor by letting her use my pen, I am sure she continued (继续) to believe that I had cheated on the test.
36. The story took place (发生) exactly . A.in the teacher’s office
B.in an exam room C.in the school
D.in the language lab
37.The girl wanted to borrow a pen, because . A.she had not brought a pen with her B.she had lost her own on her way to school C.there was something wrong with her own D.her own had been taken away by someone
38.The teacher saw all this, so she asked the boy . A.to go on writing his paper B.to stop whispering C.to leave the room immediately D.to stay behind after the exam
D 事实细节题。由第二段第一句话可知，考完试后，老师让他留下（stay in the room）。
39.The thing(s) emphasized in her talk was (were) . A.honesty
B.sense of duty
D.all of the above
People in the United States honor their parents with two special days: Mother’s Day, on the second Sunday in May, and Father’s Day, on the third Sunday in June. Mother’s Day was proclaimed a day for national observance by President Woodrow Wilson in 1915. Ann Jarvis from Grafton, West Virginia, had started the idea to have a day to honor mothers. She was the one who chose the second Sunday in May and also began the custom of wearing a carnation (康乃馨). In 1909, Mrs. Dodd from Spokane, Washington, thought of the idea of a day to honor fathers. She wanted to honor her own father, William Smart. After her mother died, he had the responsibility of raising a family of five sons and a daughter. In 1910, the first Father’s Day was observed in Spokane. Senator Margaret Chase Smith helped to established Father’s Day as a national commemorative (纪念性的) day, in 1972. These days are set aside to show love and respect for parents. They raise their children and educate them to be responsible citizens. They give love and care. These two special days are celebrated in many different ways. On Mother’s Day people wear carnations. A red one symbolizes a living mother. A white one shows that the mother is dead．Many people attend religious services to honor parents. It is also a day when people whose parents are dead visit the cemetery. On these days families get together at home, as well as in restaurants. They often have outdoor barbecues for Father’s Day. These are days of fun and good feelings and memories.
40.Who plays the most important role in Father’s Day becoming a national commemorative day?
B.Margaret Chase Smith. C.Ann Jarvis.
41.From the passage, we know in the U.S. . A.one should wear a red carnation if one’s mother pass away
B.on Mother’s Day, families often go out to have barbecues C.on Father’s Day, people often stay at home to celebrate the special day D.The purpose to have these two special days is to show love to parents
42.The author’s purpose of writing this passage is to . A.call on people to love and respect their parents B.introduce Mother’s Day and Father’s Day C.tell the difference between Mother’s Day and Father’s Day D.show how important fathers and mothers are
When did you last see a polar bear? On a trip to a zoo, perhaps? If you had attended a winter activity in New York a few years ago, you would have seen a whole polar bear club. These Polar Bears are people who meet frequently in winter to swim in freezing cold water. That day, the air temperature was 3℃,and the water temperature was a bit higher. The members of the Polar Bear Club at Coney Island, New York are usually about the age of 60. Members must satisfy two requirements. First, they must get along well with everyone else in the group. This is very important because there are so many different kinds of people in the club. Polar Bears must also agree to swim outdoors at least twice a month from November through February.
Doctors do not agree about the medical effects of cold-water swimming. Some are worried about the dangers of a condition in which the body’s temperature drops so low that finally the heart stops. Other doctors, however, point out that there is more danger of a heart attack during summer swimming because the difference between the air temperature and water temperature is much greater in summer than in winter.
The Polar Bears themselves are satisfied with the benefits (or advantages) of cold-water swimming. They say that their favorite form of exercise is very good for the circulatory system （循环系统）because it forces the blood to move fast to keep the body warm. Cold-water swimmers usually turn bright red after a few minutes in the water. A person who turns blue probably has a very poor circulatory system and should not try cold-water swimming.
The main benefits (or advantages) of cold-water swimming are probably mental. The Polar Bears love to swim all the year round; they find it fun and relaxing. As one 70-year-old woman says, When I go into the water, I pour my troubles into the ocean and let them float away.
A.encourage people to take part in cold-water swimming actively
B.point out the possible danger of blood illness during cold-water swimming
C.believe swimming is helpful both in winter and in summer
D.have different ideas about the medical effects of cold-water swimming
44.According to the passage, some doctors believe it is true that .
A.you are healthy if cold-water swimming turns your skin color blue
B.cold-water swimming causes more heart attacks in summer than in winter
C.cold-water swimming can make the body temperature dangerously high
D.Polar Bears are bears swimming in freezing water
45.The Polar Bears like to swim all the year round, for .
A.they can remain young
B.it is an easy way to keep the body warm in winter
C.they find it enjoyable and interesting
D.they might meet fewer troubles in life
46.The passage is mainly about .
A.a group of cold-water swimming lovers
B.the Polar Bears’ life in New York
C.doctors’ ideas about cold-water swimming
D.the requirements of the Polar Bear Club
The common cold is the world’s most widespread illness, which is plague that flesh receives. The most widespread fallacy of all is that colds are caused by cold. They are not. They are caused by viruses passing on from person to person. You catch a cold by coming into contact, directly or indirectly, with someone who already has one. If cold causes colds, it would be reasonable to expect the Eskimos to suffer from them forever. But they do not. And in isolated arctic regions explorers have reported being free from colds until coming into contact again with infected people from the outside world by way of packages and mails dropped from airplanes.
During the First World War soldiers who spent long periods in the trenches, cold and wet, showed no increased tendency to catch colds. In the Second World War prisoners at the notorious Auschwitz concentration camp, naked and starving, were astonished to find that they seldom had colds. At the Common Cold Research Unit in England, volunteers took part in experiments in which they gave themselves to the discomforts of being cold and wet for long stretches of time. After taking hot baths, they put on bathing suits, allowed themselves to be with cold water, and then stood about dripping wet in drafty room. Some wore wet socks all day while others exercised in the rain until close to exhaustion. Not one of the volunteers came down with a cold unless a cold virus was actually dropped in his nose.
If, then, cold and wet have nothing to do with catching colds, why are they more frequent in the winter? Despite the most pains-taking research, no one has yet found the answer. One explanation offered by scientists is that people tend to stay together indoors more in cold weather than at other times, and this makes it easier for cold viruses to be passed on. No one has yet found a cure for the cold. There are drugs and pain suppressors, such as aspirin, but all they do is relieve the symptoms.
47.The author gave us examples to support his argument.
C 事实细节题。由第一段的两个例子（爱斯基摩人和北极地区的例子）和第二段的 3 个例子（第一次世界大战、第二次世界大战和志愿者）可知, 作者共举了5个例子来支持他的观点。故选C。
48.Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage？
A.People suffer from colds just because they like to stay indoors.
B.The Eskimos do not suffer from colds all the time.
C.Colds are not caused by cold.
D.A person may catch a cold by touching someone who already has one.
49.Arctic explorers may catch colds when .
A.they are working in the isolated arctic regions
B.they are coming into touch again with the outside world
C.they are writing reports in terribly cold weather
D.they are free from work in the isolated arctic regions
50.Volunteers who take part in the experiments in the Common Cold Research Unit .
A.never caught colds
B.often caught colds
C.suffered a lot
D.became very strong
C 推理判断题。由第二段第四句话和第五句话可知，洗过热水澡后，志愿者穿上游泳衣，待在凉水里，然后在通风的房间里站着让身体晾干；一些人要一整天穿着湿袜子，一些人要在雨里锻炼至筋疲力尽。由此可以推断，志愿者要遭受极大的痛苦。故选 C。
Tom: So, tell me about your family. Have you got any brothers or sisters?
Jane: Yeah. 51 .
Tom: Three sisters. How old are they?
Jane: Well, 52 . The second oldest is twenty-two, and the youngest is seventeen.
Tom: And what do they do?
Jane: The oldest onethat’s Ellenis married and has two children, and they keep her pretty busy. Janice, 53 . She’s studying computer science. And the other one, Cindy, is still in high school.
Tom: 54 .
Jane: Oh, he’s a lawyer.
Tom: Oh, really? And your mom? 55 ?
Jane: Yeah, she’s a journalist. She works for a travel magazine.
51.I’ve got /have three sisters ( ,but no brothers)
52.The oldest is twenty-five (years old)
53.the second oldest, is studying in college/ the second oldest, is a college student
54.What is your father/What does your father do/What’s your father’s job?
55.Does she work, too/ Is she working, too?
写一篇记述在海滨度周末的日记，内容包括以下几点：初夏，风和日丽；有很多游人和小船；我们捡贝壳 (shell)，进行日光浴 (sun bathe)，玩得很愉快。
June 15, 2016, Saturday, Fine
Some of my classmates and I spent our weekend at the seaside.
It was sunny and a little hot, but the water was cool. The sea was blue and calm. It shone merrily under the bright sun. There were boats floating here and there. People in them laughed and sang happily.
We took off our shoes and went into the cool water. We walked along the beach in the water. Some girls looked for shells on the shore. Then we lay down and bathed in the sun or played games until it was time to go home.
We all enjoyed a pleasant time at the seaside.