【教学设计】新人教版X4U3 Reading and Thinking
Reading and Thinking
By the end of this period, students will be able to:
1.learn about the history of China’s sea exploration.
2.identify the pattern of the text and its narrative technique.
3.gain a better understanding of the significance of the Belt and Road Initiative.
Teaching key and difficult points:
1.Help students to learn about the history of China’s sea exploration.
2.Instruct students to understand the significance of the Belt and Road Initiative.
3.Enable students to gain a better understanding of the significance of the Belt and Road Initiative.
Let students share stories of great explorers.
Magellan was a Portuguese explorer.He persuaded the king of Spain to support his plan to travel around the world by sea. He and his crew overcame many difficulties to sail west from Spain across the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Unfortunately, Magellan was killed in a conflict with the local people in the Philippines. His fellow men continued to sail and about one year later, the survivors came back to Spain. This was the first voyage around the world. It was significant in human’s history of sea exploration.
Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer. When he was young, inspired by Marco Polo’s tales, he decided to take adventures on the sea. In 1492, the Spanish king sponsored him to discover a new way to get to the east of the world by sea. They suffered a lot during the voyage and finally reached America which Columbus took for India.
Ask students to read the title of the text “Reaching out Across the Sea” and skim the text. Then decide what type of essay it is.
Identify essay types
There are four major types of essay:narrative, descriptive, expository, and argumentative. A narrative essay is a story with a beginning, middle, and end. A descriptive essay describes a subject and lists interesting details. An expository essay is factual, giving information on a subject. Finally, an argumentative essay aims to convince the reader.
An expository essay.
Activity2Reading for the main idea
Read the text quickly and write down the main idea of each paragraph.
Activity3Reading for details
What is introduced in each exploration?
in ancient times
in the 8th century
in the Ming Dynasty
in the future
in ancient times
Merchants from China and many other places met on a trading route across the sea to negotiate trade deals.
in the 8th
Further trading allowed more exploration to the west of China.
in the Ming Dynasty
Zheng He led seven large fleets to sail west on voyages of trade and exploration. These routes still remain active today.
The ancient routes across the sea are being revisited. The Belt and Road Initiative is put forward.
in the future
The need to trade and the desire to enhance relationships will drive China to reach out across the sea far into the future.
Discuss the following questions.
1.Which countries reached out across the sea in the past and why?
2.What benefits and problems did those countries get from doing this?
3.What effects did reaching out across the sea in the past have on the world?
4.What do you think is the significance of the Belt and Road Initiative?
1.European explorers and China. They reached out across the sea for trade.
2.They got new products from many different countries and became more aware of other cultures. In some cases, this led to invasion and conquest.
3.The land and sea routes remained active channels between different cultures for centuries. Generally speaking, the result was positive, as it advanced the spread of knowledge, technology and goods and made the world a smaller place.
4.The aim of this initiative is to encourage cooperation and trade across the historic Silk Road areas, and strengthen the bonds between China and the rest of the world.
Show studentsa video about Zheng He’s voyages on the sea and conduct an interview. Suppose you are a reporter and your partner is Zheng He.
Reporter: Welcome to our studio and share with us your stories.
Zheng He: It’s my pleasure.
Reporter: When did you begin your first voyage?
Zheng He: In 1405.
Reporter: Which countries did you go to?
Zheng He: We went to India and many African countries.
Reporter: How many voyages did you make in all?
Zheng He: Seven.
Reporter: How many people joined the voyage at its largest scale?
Zheng He: More than 20,000.
Reporter: Wow, it must be a sight to behold.
Zheng He: Absolutely.
Reporter: What is your purpose to make the voyage?
Zheng He: To build bonds with other countries and show the glory of the Ming Dynasty.
Reporter: You made great contributions in developing relationships with other countries.
Zheng He: We are proud to be Chinese. It’s everyone’s duty to contribute to our motherland.
Retell the story of China’s sea exploration.
To complete the great map of the world was a strong passion for the people of early civilisations. Marco Polo’s tales inspired European explorers to search for sea routes from west to east. However, merchants and explorers from the East set sail from east to west many years before Columbus first did. A trading route across the sea was extended along the coasts of the Indian Ocean, centred around Ceylon.
Later, the Ming Dynasty further developed relations with these regions. Seven large fleets sailed west on voyages of trade and exploration. Under the command of Zheng He, they set sail from the South China Sea and eventually to the east coast of Africa. To reach out across the sea remains a strong desire today. The ancient sea routes travelled by Zheng He are being revisited with the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, which is part of the Belt and Road Initiative.
China has also joined its friends across the sea on other important projects. With the latest technology in hand, the need to trade and the desire to enhance relationships will drive China to reach out across the sea far into the future.