【教学设计】新人教版X4U3 Reading and Thinking

2019 新人教

X4U3Sea Exploration

Reading and Thinking

Teaching aims:

By the end of this period, students will be able to:

1.learn about the history of China’s sea exploration.

2.identify the pattern of the text and its narrative technique.

3.gain a better understanding of the significance of the Belt and Road Initiative.

Teaching key and difficult points:

1.Help students to learn about the history of China’s sea exploration.

2.Instruct students to understand the significance of the Belt and Road Initiative.

3.Enable students to gain a better understanding of the significance of the Belt and Road Initiative.

Teaching procedures:

StepⅠLead-in

Let students share stories of great explorers.

Magellan

Columbus

Suggested answer:

Magellan was a Portuguese explorer.He persuaded the king of Spain to support his plan to travel around the world by sea. He and his crew overcame many difficulties to sail west from Spain across the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Unfortunately, Magellan was killed in a conflict with the local people in the Philippines. His fellow men continued to sail and about one year later, the survivors came back to Spain. This was the first voyage around the world. It was significant in human’s history of sea exploration.

Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer. When he was young, inspired by Marco Polo’s tales, he decided to take adventures on the sea. In 1492, the Spanish king sponsored him to discover a new way to get to the east of the world by sea. They suffered a lot during the voyage and finally reached America which Columbus took for India.

StepⅡWhile-reading

Activity1 Prediction

Ask students to read the title of the text “Reaching out Across the Sea” and skim the text. Then decide what type of essay it is.

Identify essay types

There are four major types of essay:narrative, descriptive, expository, and argumentative. A narrative essay is a story with a beginning, middle, and end. A descriptive essay describes a subject and lists interesting details. An expository essay is factual, giving information on a subject. Finally, an argumentative essay aims to convince the reader.

Suggested answer:

An expository essay.

Activity2Reading for the main idea

Read the text quickly and write down the main idea of each paragraph.

Suggested answers:

Activity3Reading for details

What is introduced in each exploration?

Time

Event

in ancient times

in the 8th century

in the Ming Dynasty

today

in the future

Suggested answers:

Time

Event

in ancient times

Merchants from China and many other places met on a trading route across the sea to negotiate trade deals.

in the 8th

century

Further trading allowed more exploration to the west of China.

in the Ming Dynasty

Zheng He led seven large fleets to sail west on voyages of trade and exploration. These routes still remain active today.

today

The ancient routes across the sea are being revisited. The Belt and Road Initiative is put forward.

in the future

The need to trade and the desire to enhance relationships will drive China to reach out across the sea far into the future.

Activity4Exploringthethemefurther

Discuss the following questions.

1.Which countries reached out across the sea in the past and why?

2.What benefits and problems did those countries get from doing this?

3.What effects did reaching out across the sea in the past have on the world?

4.What do you think is the significance of the Belt and Road Initiative?

Suggested answers:

1.European explorers and China. They reached out across the sea for trade.

2.They got new products from many different countries and became more aware of other cultures. In some cases, this led to invasion and conquest.

3.The land and sea routes remained active channels between different cultures for centuries. Generally speaking, the result was positive, as it advanced the spread of knowledge, technology and goods and made the world a smaller place.

4.The aim of this initiative is to encourage cooperation and trade across the historic Silk Road areas, and strengthen the bonds between China and the rest of the world.

StepⅢ Post-reading

Show studentsa video about Zheng He’s voyages on the sea and conduct an interview. Suppose you are a reporter and your partner is Zheng He.

Suggested answers:

Reporter: Welcome to our studio and share with us your stories.

Zheng He: It’s my pleasure.

Reporter: When did you begin your first voyage?

Zheng He: In 1405.

Reporter: Which countries did you go to?

Zheng He: We went to India and many African countries.

Reporter: How many voyages did you make in all?

Zheng He: Seven.

Reporter: How many people joined the voyage at its largest scale?

Zheng He: More than 20,000.

Reporter: Wow, it must be a sight to behold.

Zheng He: Absolutely.

Reporter: What is your purpose to make the voyage?

Zheng He: To build bonds with other countries and show the glory of the Ming Dynasty.

Reporter: You made great contributions in developing relationships with other countries.

Zheng He: We are proud to be Chinese. It’s everyone’s duty to contribute to our motherland.

StepⅣSummary

Retell the story of China’s sea exploration.

Suggested answer:

To complete the great map of the world was a strong passion for the people of early civilisations. Marco Polo’s tales inspired European explorers to search for sea routes from west to east. However, merchants and explorers from the East set sail from east to west many years before Columbus first did. A trading route across the sea was extended along the coasts of the Indian Ocean, centred around Ceylon.

Later, the Ming Dynasty further developed relations with these regions. Seven large fleets sailed west on voyages of trade and exploration. Under the command of Zheng He, they set sail from the South China Sea and eventually to the east coast of Africa. To reach out across the sea remains a strong desire today. The ancient sea routes travelled by Zheng He are being revisited with the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, which is part of the Belt and Road Initiative.

China has also joined its friends across the sea on other important projects. With the latest technology in hand, the need to trade and the desire to enhance relationships will drive China to reach out across the sea far into the future.

点赞(0) 打赏

评论列表 共有 0 条评论

暂无评论

热门产品

中班语言 换一换 教案及说课稿|中班语言说课稿,中班,语言, 换一换 ,教案,及说课稿
中班语言 换一换 教案及说课稿
小猪变形记  说课课件|小猪变形记,小猪变形记说课课件,小猪,变形,记  说课,课件
小猪变形记 说课课件
小猪变形记教案|小猪变形记教案,小猪变形记,中班教案,小猪,变形,教案
小猪变形记教案
大班科学绘本:每个人都噗说课稿|每个人都噗说课稿,每个人都噗,大班科学绘本,说课稿,大班,科学,绘本:,每个,人都,噗说课稿
大班科学绘本:每个人都噗说课稿
大班学习活动:每个人都噗《每个人都噗》|每个人都噗,大班学习活动,大班,学习,活动,每个,人都
大班学习活动:每个人都噗《每个人都噗》
《学前儿童发展心理学》课件.pptx|学前儿童发展心理学,学前儿童发展心理学课件,学前,儿童,发展,心理学,课件,pptx
《学前儿童发展心理学》课件.pptx
儿童游戏研究1-2学前教育研究生必读书目|儿童游戏,儿童游戏研究,学前教育研究生必读书目,学前教育研究生,研究,学前教育,研究生,必读,书目
儿童游戏研究1-2学前教育研究生必读书目
儿童游戏通论|儿童游戏通论,儿童游戏,通论
儿童游戏通论

历史上的今天:02月23日

热门专题

天麻的功效与作用吃法|天麻的功效与作用,天麻的功效与作用吃法,天麻炖什么治头痛最好,天麻的功效与作用禁忌,天麻多少钱一斤,天麻的功效与作用吃法及禁忌,天麻怎么吃效果最好,天麻粉的功效与作用,天麻怎么吃
天麻的功效与作用吃法
自考本科|自考本科有用吗,自考文凭,自考本科文凭,自考文凭有用吗,自考本科文凭有用吗,自考文凭承认吗
自考本科
大理科技管理学校|大理科技管理学校,大理科技,大理科技中等职业技术学校,大理科技管理中等职业技术学校,大理科技学校
大理科技管理学校
昆明综合高中|昆明综合高中
昆明综合高中
易捷尔高职单招|易捷尔高职单招,易捷尔高职单招培训,单招分数线,单招录取分数线,高职单招学校分数线
易捷尔高职单招
云南高职单招|云南单招,云南单招网,云南高职单招网,云南高职单招,云南单招学校,云南单招培训
云南高职单招
金诺幼儿园(春城路金诺幼儿园)|昆明官渡区幼儿园,幼儿园报名,官渡区幼儿园,春城路幼儿园,幼儿园招生,学前班,昆明幼儿园,金诺幼儿园,环城南路幼儿园,石井路幼儿园
金诺幼儿园(春城路金诺幼儿园)
综合高中|云南综合高中,昆明综合高中,综合高中能考本一吗,综合高中和普通高中的区别,综合高中是什么意思,综合高中能参加全国统一高考吗,综合高中可以考哪些大学,综合高中的学籍是什么
综合高中

微信小程序

微信扫一扫体验

立即
投稿

微信公众账号

微信扫一扫加关注

发表
评论
返回
顶部